Conversion of wastewater into effluents that are suitable to be returned to water cycle with minimum impact on the environment is key aspects of water management. Water quality index determines survival of aquatic systems. To provide current trends and developments in Water Treatment Technologies, session is designed to integrate emerging concepts on augmenting water quality for sustainable management, water conservation with reuse and recycle strategies. It highlights the following:
Specific strategies for protecting ecosystems including aquatic environment are required for enhancing safety and protection. In view of the emerging dynamics of chemical innovation, consumption and production patterns, use & disposal as well as subsequent emissions, the identification of specific pollutants and improvements in ecological diagnostics is need of the hour to assess chemical and ecological impacts.
Developing and synthesizing novel water sampling techniques, analytical methods that can offer advanced approaches in water quality assessment are encompassed in thematic discussions and presentations.
Perspectives on development of state-of-the-art technologies including Internet of Things (IoT) and machine learning techniques to address challenges in determining water quality are central to the topic.
Pollution prevention in surface and ground water resources is essential to supply adequate quantity of potable water. In general, three fourth of the water used in agriculture, industry and domestic applications comes from surface water. Though the groundwater is less exposed to pollution when compared to surface waters, the repercussions last for a long time.
Given the context, it is high time to exchange knowledge on national and international measures for protection and sound management of transboundary surface waters and ground water. It is aimed at bringing together all novel and emerging technologies for environmental remediation for removing contaminants from ground water, surface water and soil. It also facilitates way to understand natural treatment role in designing ecological floating beds for in situ remediation.
Novel Wastewater treatment Technologies are essential for reducing the concentration of pollutants and contamination in effluents. Proper operation and maintenance of the treatment systems is required to obtain desired water quality. Development of new processes with resource recovery and their integration with urban water and waste management systems will contribute to the sustainability of water resources.
Technical sessions focus on development of membrane, microalgal and microbial based technologies for treating wastewater while producing bioenergy and valuable products. Concepts relevant to the microalgal wastewater treatment systems integrated with airlift bioreactors offer advantages of carbon dioxide and oxygen mass transfer. Similar thematic discussions are encompassed in talks. Further, Technologies such as advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), ion exchange, ultra and nano filtration, adsorption/biosorption, advanced biological treatment using algae, bacteria, fungi in combination are emerging today which promise safe and clean treated water are embedded for current understanding.